During ancient times the deposit was exploited by the Ancient Egyptians.
Commencing work at Um El Ruus gold mine began in 1900 and during 1900-1907 the deposit was mined by several companies producing about 10,000T of ore. During 1937-1938 the deposit was inspected by an expedition of the mining department which sunk about 150m of underground workings and sampled three upper horizons of the deposit at 2m intervals.
Ore reserves were estimated to be 10332 tons averaging 11.93 g/t with average thickness of 33.8 cm. (Amin;1955 and Sabet;1961).
As a result of the investigations carried out by the expedition in 1940, an additional 5,800 tons of ore were proved averaging 10.8 g/t with 34.8cm of thickness.
During 1943-1946 the same expedition recorded 9,370 tons of ore and about 6,000 tons were left unmined (Amin; 1955 and Sabet;1961).
Historically the gold that was extracted from the Um El Ruus mine was of a high grade and then mixed with the lower grades of the Sukari mine in order to produce a higher quality grade at the Sukari factory.
Recently, the Um El Rus gold mine area was thoroughly investigated by EGSMA (Egyptian Geological Survey and Mining Authority) between 1968-1969 and again in the early 2000’s and was reported as being the most interesting plots of those available for bid, due to its logistics, historical mining and factors that were historically ignored due to technological limitations.